Why do we perform this survey?
Whilst we understand that the market is dictated primarily by supply and demand, we also believe that it’s crucial that foreigners are informed and aware of the actual cost and affordability for rent in Cluj-Napoca, when looked at through the eyes of both citizens and expats.
Over the past few years, Cluj-Napoca has seen a massive increase in property prices, and this is partially due to the fact that foreigners consider the rent prices here to be cheap in comparison to their home country, which is normally true. However, the willingness to pay more, just because it’s cheaper than their prices back home, has resulted in an overall increase to the price in Cluj-Napoca.
The average salary for an individual in Cluj, at the time of writing this post (Aug, 2019), is around 3,100 lei (approx €655), which means now, that the vast majority of rent prices are almost completely un-affordable, making up typically over 50% of the average person’s income.
We hope that this survey allows you to make a more informed decision about what prices would be considered normal in the eyes of the population of Cluj-Napoca, and to help you avoid over-paying for an apartment, therefore, improving the chances for everybody to live comfortably in this wonderful city.
Last year, on August 19th, 2018, we conducted a survey among 3 different groups, to determine what amount people are willing to pay to rent our “scenario” apartment.
We created 2 example apartments, one aimed specifically at the Romanian population, and another aimed at the foreign population. During the creation of the scenario apartments, we made small adjustments which were designed to retain the same “value” of the property offered.
For example, the scenario apartment aimed at the Romanian population, was situated in the Manastur neighbourhood, near to McDonalds. This area was selected due to the value of being close to major transport links around the city, and shopping / nearby amenities.
Whereas, with the scenario apartment aimed at foreigners, we factored in, the fact that a vast majority of the respondents would likely be students, and so therefore, the property was described as being within 10 minutes walking distance of their faculty.
The rest of the details remained pretty much the same, which were as follows:
- 36m2 surface area
- Fully Furnished with Ikea / Jysk style furniture
- A “one-bedroom” apartment with double-bed
- Separate kitchen and bathroom
- Small Balcony
- Internet Subscription included in rent
- Utility bills not included in rent
- No parking space
- No air-conditioning
- Located on floor 3 of a 4-storey building
The objective of this survey, was to determine, what a Romanian citizen, is prepared to pay for these conditions, factoring in their income and expenses, and then comparing this to what a foreign person would be willing to pay.
The survey was conducted across 3 audiences in 7 different Facebook groups, using the Poll feature, with the set ranges:
- Under €150 per month
- €150-€190 per month
- €190-€210 per month
- €210-€250 per month
- €250-€270 per month
- Over €270 per month
The first 5 groups, were only aimed at Romanian citizens, with a message encouraging only those who have been in Romania for a majority of their life to respond.
The 6th group, is the Cluj-Napoca Foreign Students group, which has a healthy mix of both Romanian and Foreign members.
The 7th group is made up primarily of foreign students / expats.
In total, there were 5224 responses, 4818 (RO Groups), 312 (Mixed Group) and 114 (Predominantly Foreign Group).
The results displayed below, seem to indicate that foreign members are comfortable paying between €210 and €270 for the scenario apartment, whereas Romanian citizens, would only be comfortable paying between €150 to €190. This is not the true reflection of the market as it stands, but it does help us to understand what a person would be willing to pay, in order to still maintain a decent quality of life.
The new results represent a decrease in the amount that the Romanian population would pay, as last year, only 39.5% of respondents would pay between €150-€190, and 44.4% were happy to pay between €190-€210, compared to this year where 65.9% were willing to pay between €150-€190 and only 17.2% comfortable with paying between €190-€210.
Whereas, with the responses from the mixed group, over 51% were willing to pay between €210-€250, however people from the mixed group willing to pay €270 or more, increased from 2.6% to 22.1%.
The largest change was in the group of which members are predominantly foreign. In 2018, 47.3% of foreign participants were willing to pay over €270 per month, and this year, in 2019, that number fell to only 9.6%, putting the majority of foreigners comfortable in paying between €250-€270 at 74.6%.
These results represent an apparent shift in expectations from foreigners looking to rent property in Cluj-Napoca, and their drive to achieve a more competitive price, than previously surveyed.
This year’s survey obtained many more responses overall, with a total of 5,244 responses across all surveys, compared to only 1,014.
This is no surprise, as the topic of rent prices has been dominating most of the Facebook community for the past couple of years, with more and more active discussions taking place, and on-going campaigns, to encourage fair rental prices across the city.
Complete Results for 2019 vs 2018