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Summary

Romanian president, Klaus Iohannis, has announced that the entire country will now be placed under quarantine. This means that all movements will now be restricted, based on the Emergency Ordinance guidelines and specified permitted activities.

The army will be assisting to keep the situation under control and the decision comes as new cases began increasing rapidly in recent days.

Starting Wednesday, March 25th, people will only be able to leave their homes if it can be clearly demonstrated, that the travel is absolutely urgent, and cannot be postponed, based on the guidelines.

In addition, a declaration must be carried, along with personal identification, and presented to any authority figure who requests it, based on art. 175. Any false declarations can result in a 3-month to 2-year prison sentence or a fine.

The army, police, politia locala (local police) and Gendarmerie, will enforce the restrictions.

“What has been a recommendation becomes an obligation. Of course, people can go out to go to work or to do the needed shopping, but these restrictions become obligations.”, said president Klaus Iohannis.

In addition, electronic supervision measures are going to be introduced for those people who are recorded as being in quarantine or isolation.

He continued by acknowledging, “A very special point, I would like to mention – the most vulnerable are people over 65. It is obvious that we need special measures, but also special restrictions. And so, to protect people over 65, special restrictions will be introduced for these people, meaning that they will have to stay at home practically all the time in their own interest.

Penalties & Sanctions

In the event that someone is in breach of the restrictions outlined by the Military Ordinance, in response to the current State of Emergency, a number of sanctions and penalties can be received, including:

  • Fines from 10,000 lei to 70,000 lei, depending for legal entities (companies etc)
  • Fines from 2,000 lei to 20,000 lei for individuals
  • For legal entities, goods and assets can also be seized
  • Individuals in self-isolation will be placed into quarantine centres if leaving the property, and inherit all associated costs

Frequently Asked Questions

Following a Q&A with police, “Libertatea.ro” published 10, frequently asked questions, and their answers.

We have translated and these questions and answers for you below. Although some of the specifics of the questions, such as locations, may not be familiar with those in Cluj, the concept and outline is still the same and can easily be adapted. We decided not to change such locations, in order to not modify the questions any further than they needed to be, for accuracy.

Romanian Police Response: The normative act stipulates that the movement between the house and the workplace is allowed. It is not mentioned that the place where the professional activity is carried out must be the same as that of the domicile. According to the example provided in the question, a citizen living in Ilfov can travel to the workplace in Bucharest, provided they have the documents provided in art. 4 of the above mentioned ordinance, respectively the service card, the certificate issued by the employer or a declaration on their own responsibility, as the case may be.

Romanian Police Response: There is no distance limit at which the medical office must be located, but we recommend citizens to travel for medical purposes, other than major emergencies, only after checking the availability of doctors.

Romanian Police Response: The provisions of the Military Ordinance no. 3 of 24.03.2020 regarding measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, does not mention a quantifiable distance, but the recommendation is for citizens is to go to the nearest shops where the necessary products are sold. In strict reference to the example provided, a citizen living in the Berceni neighborhood cannot go shopping for products of strict necessity in the Militari neighborhood (11km distance), as there are several hypermarkets in the home area similar to those in the Militari neighborhood.

Romanian Police Response: The normative act mentioned above does not impose a distance limit. Regarding the specific question asked, yes, a citizen of Bucharest can go to Vaslui (320km) to take care of their parents.

Romanian Police Response: Physical, sports activities should be carried out around the home or the directly near the place where citizens actually live, around the house or the block and not in parks, playgrounds, sports fields, etc. We also remind that collective physical activities are prohibited.

Romanian Police Response: The daily walk of the pets must be done around the home or the place where the citizens actually live, around the house or the block and not in parks, playgrounds, sports fields, etc.

Romanian Police Response: The legislation in question does not impose a distance limit for such activities, but the logic of these restrictions is to avoid contact between people as much as possible, precisely to limit the spread of infection with the new type of coronavirus. Thus, although no distance limit is set, we recommend that agricultural producers travel as short distances as possible.

Romanian Police Response: With regards to minors between 0 and 16 years of age, their travel outside of the home, should be carried out under the supervision or with the consent of the parents or legal guardian. In the current epidemiological situation, we recommend limiting these trips to a minimum.

Romanian Police Response: In the case of minors under 16 years of age, the declaration must be completed and signed by one of the parents or the legal guardian. Minors between the ages of 16 and 18 years complete and sign the declaration on their own responsibility, noting that they must respect the individual conditions of travel and that they are forbidden to participate in collective physical activities.

Romanian Police Response: People over the age of 65 can travel out of the house for agricultural activities and at a different time interval than the one provided, respectively 11:00 - 13:00. The mentioned time interval refers only to trips for personal, not professional reasons.

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