La mulţi ani, România! You’ll be seeing and hearing that everywhere on Saturday, December 1st 2018, as Romania celebrates it’s national day. Great Union Day (Romanian: Ziua Marii Uniri) or also called Unification Day / National Day, occurs on December 1st of each year, but this year is even more significant, as it marks the 100th year of Romania’s unification.

A short summary of the history:

Until 1918, Romania was a divided country, and looked very different than it does today. Transylvania, of which Cluj was the “Unofficial Capital”, joined with Romania after a large number of events led up to the decision which took place on December 1st.

This is the original photo of the 1918 Union of transylvania and romania not the modified communist one which shows romanian flag instead of Transylvanian
This is the original photo of the 1918 Union of transylvania and romania not the modified communist one which shows romanian flag instead of transylvanian

The National Assembly of Romanians of Transylvania and Hungary, consisting of 1,228 elected representatives of the Romanians in Transylvania, Banat, Crişana and Maramureş, convened in Alba Iulia and decreed (by unanimous vote) “ the unification of those Romanians and of all the territories inhabited by them with Romania.”

This declaration, also included 26 counties which were originally part of the the “Kingdom of Hungary”, which is one of the reasons that there’s a lot of Hungarian population, still residing in the historic Transylvanian region of Romania.

There was a lot of further developments which spanned many years after December 1st 1918, even some which resulted in some battles and resistance, but ultimately, resulted in Romania being the unified country that it is today.

Schedule of Events by Location

November 30:

Avram Iancu Square (Piața Avram Iancu) [map]12.00 – Unveiling the statue of Nicholas Ivan, Romanian bishop and honorary member of the Romanian Academy, and the statue of Bartholomew Anania, the first Metropolitan of the Metropolitan Church of Cluj, Albei, Crişana and Maramureş
Bulevardul Eroilor [map]13.00 – Unveiling the statue of Cardinal Iuliu Hossu
Union square (Piața Unirii) [map]18.30 – 20.00 – The Centenary and Skating #ÎMPREUNĂ
Cinema “Florin Piersic” [map]20.00 – Opening of the AGERPRES photo exhibition – Romania: Evoluție

20.30 – The Centenary of the Romanian (Screening)

December 1:

Mihai Viteazul Square (Piata Mihai Viteazul) [map]9.00 – Ceremony at Mihai Viteazul’s Equestrian Statue
Avram Iancu Square (Piața Avram Iancu) [map]10.00 – The Te-Deum Service in the Metropolitan Cathedral of Cluj-Napoca

10.30 – Official ceremony dedicated to the National Day of Romania

11.00 – Military parade equipment and intervention

11.30 – Color show (confetti and day fireworks )

20:00 – Special Centenary show: sound, lights, video projections and fireworks

Sala de Sticlă – (at City Hall) [map]12.00 – University Cluj and Great Union
Bulevardul Eroilor [map]12.00 – Historical Reenactment

12:00 – 21:00 – Photobooth

12.00 – 21.00 – Street animation

Union square (Piața Unirii) [map]13.00 – 19.00 – Traditional Folklore

18.00 – Turning on the Christmas lights

19.05 – Concert: Holograf (band name)

20.30 – Concert: Zdob si Zdub

Cinema “Florin Piersic” [map]18.00 – Documentary film screening – “Great Union, 100 years old Romania ” – an AGERPRES production.

21.00 – 100 Years of Romanian Film – “Moromeţii 2”

Transport Information

On November 30, December 1 and 2, 2018, public transport in Cluj-Napoca and Cluj Metropolitan Area will take place between 6.00 – 23.00, according to the Sunday transport schedule ;

On December 1, as some central areas will be closed to car traffic during the celebrations dedicated to celebrating the Centenary of the Great Union, public transport will be diverted at certain time intervals, as follows:

At Piata Mihai Viteazul (approx 8:30 am – 9:30 pm), lines 1, 9, 19, 28, 31, M31, 37, 38, 39 and 42 will be affected, which will run on adjoining routes Mihai Viteazul.

At Avram Iancu / Piata Stefan cel Mare (approx 10:00 – 13: 00 and 19:40-21: 00) lines 3, 20 / M13, 21, 32, 32B, 33, 35 and 40 / M16 will run along the shortened route to Piata Cipariu (Posada). Line 3 will run on buses, line 25 will be suspended and Line 46B will run on the deviated route. Trolleybus line 6 will be supplemented.

As the lines 3, 32B and 35 will not pass through A. Iancu P-ta, correspondence with P-ta Garii will be made in Constanta (L5), Sora (L5, L35S) and Central (L5, L9, L35S). Line 35S will run on the following route: P-ta Garii – Burebista – Traian – IP Voitesti – J. Curie – 21 December 1989 – Ferdinand – Horea – P-ta Garii.


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