COVID-19: Restrictions and Vaccination Information

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Current Incident Rate

Red Scenario

Data Source: DSP Cluj/

  • Restrictions

The Romanian Government has outlined a number of measures, aimed at preventing the spread of COVID-19.

COVID-19 Restrictions
Restrictions

List of Restrictions

Applicable to all areas of Romania
  • Masks are to be worn in all public spaces by individuals aged 5 and above, including outdoors in the street, with no exceptions;
  • Masks must cover mouth and nose;
  • Free movement within Romania is allowed without a permit, between 5am to 10pm;
  • *Movement between the hours of 5am and 10pm is only permitted, with proof, for the following reasons:
    • work;
    • medical assistance or buying medicine;
    • caring responsibilities; or
    • due to the schedule of plane/train/coach transport;
  • Hotels, guesthouses and camping facilities are open, but in accordance to specific health and safety measures;
  • *Shops and service providers (including gyms, beauty salons), shopping centres and outdoor markets are only permitted to function from 5am and must close by 9pm;
  • Public and private parties, events and social gatherings are prohibited;
  • All fairs and markets are forbidden;
  • Nurseries and kindergartens are closed;
  • The meeting of people from separate households is prohibited, unless outdoors with a maximum of 6 people from different households;
  • Restaurants and cafes cannot operate an indoor service in counties with a high infection rate (over 3 cases/1,000 inhabitants/ 14 days).
    • The only exception to this are hotels, who are able to serve customers with booked accommodation;
  • Take-away and Food/Drink deliveries are permitted;
  • Cinemas, theatres, other event venues and gambling venues are close;
  • Places of worship are required to ensure that service attendees disinfect their hands upon arrival and ensure that there’s at least an area of 4m between groups and 2m between individuals. If services are held outdoors, the required social distance is 1.5m between people;
  • Church and cemetery administrators are required to regulate access to the grounds, preventing large groups from forming, and also to check for symptoms of respiratory infections (cough, sneezing, temperature etc).
  • Indoor Gyms and Fitness facilities are closed in location where cases have reached over 4/1000 in the past 14 days.

Persons found in breach of regulations are subject to fines ranging from RON500 – RON15,000 (€100 – €3000), as per Law no. 55/2020 on measures for the prevention and control of COVID-19 effects.

*The below restrictions, override / are in addition to limits at a national level.

Applicable to all ares of Romania where cases are between 4/1000 and 7.5/1000.
  • Applicable in weekends only
  • No unessential travel outside the home after 8pm
  • Stores and economic operators to close from 6pm
  • Will be revised when cases reach 3.5/1000 or lower.
Localities with cases over 7.5/1000
  • Applicable in throughout the entire week
  • No unessential travel outside the home after 8pm
  • Stores and economic operators to close from 6pm
  • Will be revised when cases reach 7.0/1000 or lower.

If you are required to travel during the hours in which the curfew are in affect, you will be expected to be able to prove your reason for travel is justified. You will need to complete the declaration accurately and ensuring that it’s signed with a handwritten signature, although you can use store a copy of the declaration on your mobile device and present it if required.

If you are traveling during the curfew hours in order to board a flight or other scheduled transport, you will need to be able to prove your reservation by presenting the ticket / boarding pass.

If traveling for work reasons, in addition to your own declaration, your employer will need to complete this form.

The meeting, held on November 6th, outlined the fact nearly 10,000 new cases were reported the same day, which is almost double than the previous week.

The president said, ““The measures taken so far are no longer enough. New measures are needed countrywide. All schools must switch to online learning. Public and private employees must work remotely wherever this is possible. Stores must close no later than nine in the evening. Night-time movement must be restricted, parties – banned, fairs and markets – closed. Wearing masks must become mandatory throughout the country both in public spaces and in workplaces,” during the press briefing which was held at the beginning of the meeting.

He also informed that although the situation is far from desirable, the general elections must take place in December, Democracy cannot be bracketed, democracy must be guaranteed and democracy is guaranteed by free elections and strong nations are committed to democratic elections even in times of crisis,” he explained.

For more information, contact Telverde using the number provided.

  • Vaccinations

The Romanian Government, working with the EU and vaccine development centres, have started a vaccination program which is divided into 3 stages.

COVID-19 Vaccine Campaign
1 - Health & Social Workers
  • How long? The time of treatment will be determined according to the chosen vaccination schedule, which may include one or two doses;
  • Who? Persons included in the category of health and social workers, both public and private;
    • Staff in hospitals and outpatient units (medical staff, auxiliary staff, administrative staff, security and security and other categories);
    • Staff in the emergency medicine system: ambulance, SMURD, IGSU, IJSU, guard rooms, CPU, UPU;
    • Primary care staff – from the network of family medicine, school medicine and community care;
    • Laboratory staff, pharmacies and other health care workers;
    • Dental services staff;
    • Resident doctors, pupils and medical students;
    • Paramedics and other volunteers working in health facilities;
    • Care staff working in residential and medical and social centers;
    • Staff providing medical and social care at home;
    • Personnel from public health services (National Institute of Public Health, Public Health Directorates);
    • The staff from the health units of the ministries with their own health network;
    • Staff in dialysis and transfusion centers;
    • Personnel involved in conducting vaccination campaigns.
  • How? Vaccination will be carried out through health facilities, vaccination centers or mobile vaccination teams – depending on the availability and other factors.
2 - High Risk Individuals
  • How long? The time of treatment will be determined according to the chosen vaccination schedule, which may include one or two doses;
  • Who?
    • “High Risk” Individuals
      • Adults over 65 years of age;
      • People with chronic diseases, regardless of age.
    • Key Workers
      • Key personnel for the functioning of state institutions (parliament, presidency, government, ministries and institutions subordinated to them);
      • Personnel in the field of defense, public order, national security and the judiciary;
      • Staff in the vital economic sector:
        • Processing, distribution and marketing of basic foods (bakery, dairy, meat, fruits and vegetables);
        • Water plants, water treatment, transportation and distribution;
        • Power plants, production, transmission and distribution of electricity;
        • Gas production, transmission and distribution units;
        • Liquid and solid fuel production, transport and distribution units;
        • Units for the production, transport and distribution of medicines and sanitary materials;
        • Transportation of people and goods;
        • Railway services, civil and military airports, essential ports;
        • Communications (special telecommunications service, national radio and television);
      • Staff in schools and nurseries;
      • Postal and courier staff;
      • The staff of religious institutions;
      • Media staff carrying out activities with an increased risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2 infection (eg: reports in medical units);
      • Sanitation and waste personnel.
  • How? It is provided through the network of vaccination centers / mobile vaccination teams / family medics, as appropriate.
[CURRENT STAGE] 3 - General Population
  • How long? The time of treatment will be determined according to the chosen vaccination schedule, which may include one or two doses;
  • Who? 
    • Adult population;
    • Pediatric population, depending on the epidemiological evolution and the characteristics of the vaccines approved for use in persons under 18 years of age.
  • How?  It runs through the network of vaccination centers / mobile vaccination teams / family medicine / drive-through vaccination centers, as appropriate.
To schedule your vaccination, you need to register yourself on the official platform, accessible by clicking the “Book Vaccination” button.

The information below is for all people currently residing in Romania.

For more information about how non-Romanian citizens can access the COVID-19 vaccination in Romania, please read this article.

Why should I be vaccinated against COVID-19?

Vaccination against COVID-19 is important because it reduces the risk of disease and the risk of developing a severe form of the disease. Vaccination is an important tool to stop the spread of the pandemic, reduce the overload of health facilities, thus allowing the reopening of health facilities for non-COVID patients. Thus, the conditions will be created for the reopening of socio-economic activities and the facilitation of free movement.

How is personal data on vaccination against COVID-19 protected?

The monitoring of the level of vaccine coverage, safety and efficacy of vaccines against COVID-19 is carried out using electronic platforms, in compliance with the legislation on personal data protection. According to the strategy on vaccination against COVID-19 in Romania, a module dedicated to vaccination against COVID-19 will be developed within the National Electronic Vaccination Register (RENV), which will constitute the electronic database on vaccination, in compliance with legal personal data protection provisions.

What document will be issued at the time of vaccination?

Each person to be vaccinated will receive a vaccination certificate that will include the following information: name and surname of the vaccinated person, date of birth, age, county of residence, CI number and series, vaccine data: dose 1 (vaccine type, product , series / batch, expiry date), dose 2 (vaccine type, product, batch / batch, expiry date), data on the vaccination center (name of vaccination center, county, coordinating / vaccinating doctor), electronic signature of the National Electronic Register of Vaccinations.

Evidence of vaccination is provided to the vaccinated person either electronically or on paper to enable them to keep records between the two visits to the vaccination center (initial dose and booster) and to provide them with essential information on the characteristics of the vaccine administered. . Please note that vaccination is free, voluntary / optional, and the proof is not issued in order to condition or subsequently restrict the rights of vaccinated persons.

If I have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, is vaccination still needed?

In clinical trials, the vaccine was also given to people who had a detectable level of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and no side effects were detected, only an increase in the immune response. Vaccination is available, based on consent, whether or not the infection has occurred.

Can unvaccinated people infect vaccinated people?

An unvaccinated person can become infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus and transmit it to those they come in contact with. Vaccinated contacts (of approved EU vaccines) of the unvaccinated person are protected from the development of Covid-19 disease - even if the virus could reach the airways, transmitted from a carrier, will not produce effects, being inactivated by protective antibodies developed after vaccination.

Can vaccinated people infect unvaccinated people?

The main objective of the phase 3 study for the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine, conditionally approved in the European Union, was not to measure the transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 after vaccination, but to demonstrate its effectiveness in preventing Covid-19 disease. Data on the extent to which a vaccinated person can still transmit the virus is to be generated, collected and analyzed in the next period. Experience with other vaccines shows that in general, a vaccinated person transmits the pathogen to a lesser extent, but this hypothesis must also be validated for SARS-CoV-2.

How can I find out about candidate vaccines?

At European Union level, the vaccines that will be used in vaccination campaigns against COVID-19 are those that have received approval from the European Medicines Agency. All details on the evaluation and approval process are available and constantly updated on the website of the European Medicines Agency .

Who do I contact if I want to get vaccinated?

According to the Strategy for vaccination against COVID-19 in Romania, vaccination will be carried out in stages, respecting the population groups. For stage I, vaccination will be organized at work and through fixed and mobile vaccination centers, and for stages II and III vaccination will be organized through fixed and mobile vaccination centers, mobile teams, family medics, drive-through centers.

Can I refuse to get vaccinated?

Yes, according to the strategy for vaccination against COVID-19 in Romania, vaccination is voluntary and non-mandatory.

Is vaccination free?

Yes, according to the strategy for vaccination against COVID-19 in Romania, vaccination is free.

If I get vaccinated, is it still necessary to respect the other hygienic-sanitary measures?

The administration of a vaccine against COVID-19 is just one of the critical tools for limiting the effects of the pandemic, along with other instruments: compliance with restrictions and hygiene measures (wearing a mask, washing hands and physical distance).

Are people with pre-existing medical conditions eligible for vaccination?

According to the national vaccination strategy against COVID-19, people with chronic diseases, regardless of age, are given priority for vaccination, taking into account the indications and contraindications of the vaccines used.

Can a person who has been infected with SARS-CoV-2 be vaccinated?

Yes, a person who has been infected with SARS-CoV-2 can be vaccinated voluntarily when they meet the prioritization criteria. It is not intended to exclude from vaccination persons with a known previous infection, nor to test persons before vaccination.

It is currently unknown how long after infection we are protected or the level of antibodies needed to be protected. Recent studies show that in most people, neutralizing antibodies (those that can block cell infection) persist for at least a few months after the initial infection. Studies also show that the immune response to natural infection can vary greatly depending on the individual and the severity of the disease.

Regulators do not recommend excluding participants in Phase 3 clinical trials based on evidence of a previous infection so that most manufacturers have already vaccinated people who have gone through the disease without reporting any serious side effects.

What are drive-through vaccination centers?

Drive-through vaccination centers are fixed vaccination centers specially designed for the third stage of the vaccination process, which is addressed to the general population. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, the organization and arrangement of these centers will be done in large urban agglomerations, in areas that allow access to people with their own vehicles. The organization and arrangement of drive-through vaccination centers will be done in compliance with all safety and hygiene rules, to facilitate access to vaccination, streamline the vaccination process, avoid overcrowding or sacrifice of vaccine doses. The organization of such drive-through centers is proposed by the strategy of the World Health Organization.

What are mobile vaccination centers?

Mobile vaccination centers are vaccination centers / mobile caravans organized in different stages of the vaccination process. The organization and arrangement of these mobile vaccination centers will be done, when necessary, to facilitate access to vaccination for people serving essential activities, people in residential and medical and social centers and, where appropriate, people among the population. for which access to vaccination is limited. The organization and arrangement of mobile vaccination centers will be done in compliance with all safety and hygiene rules, in order to facilitate access to vaccination, streamline the vaccination process, avoid overcrowding or sacrifice of vaccine doses.

What is a conditional marketing authorization (CMA)?

Within the European Union, a conditional marketing authorization allows the authorization of medicinal products that address a need not yet covered, on the basis of less complete data than is usually required. This happens in public health emergencies, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, only if the benefits outweigh the potential risks posed by the fact that not all data is yet available. Conditional clearances are used in the event of the Covid-19 pandemic to respond to the public health emergency. Even so, the data provided must clearly indicate that the benefits of the medicine or vaccine outweigh the possible risks.The requirement that the benefits be much greater in relation to the possible risks is all the more explicit in the case of vaccines to be administered to healthy people. Once such a conditional authorization has been issued, companies must provide more data, from ongoing studies or new studies, at predetermined deadlines, to further demonstrate that the benefits outweigh the risks.

How do vaccines for which marketing authorizations have been submitted work? (BNT162b2 and RNA1273)

Vaccines will prepare the human body to defend against COVID-19. To enter the body and cause disease, the SARS-CoV-2 virus uses a protein on its shell, a protein called protein S (spike). Vaccines contain the genetic instructions (messenger RNA) needed to generate the S protein. When a person is vaccinated, their cells will "read" the genetic instructions in the messenger RNA and synthesize the S protein. The person's immune system will recognize this protein as and will trigger immune defense mechanisms, producing specific antibodies and T cells. If the vaccinated person later comes into contact with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, their immune system will recognize the virus and, through specific antibodies and T cells, will neutralize the virus, thus preventingentering healthy cells of the body and destroying any infected cells. This will ensure protection against COVID-19.