“Our nation is going through difficult times. But we are Romanians, and our people has been subjected to terrible trials in the past, and together we managed to overcome them all well. Today, we are not alone in the fight to limit the harmful effects of the coronavirus epidemic. A global crisis requires global solutions, not just local ones. The international effort is a huge one, we coordinate with our partners in the European Union and together we are confident that we will overcome this difficult test with success,” said Klaus Iohannis, the president of Romania, as he declared a “State of Emergency” for the next 30 days, which will allow the government to take more effective measures at managing the coronavirus outbreak.
He stated, “We are in a situation that humanity has not faced in recent history. We will go through this difficult test if we take the most drastic measures immediately and we all understand that their severity is as serious as the period we are going through”.
Continuing, “The pandemic caused by the spread of infections with the new coronavirus can only be stopped with exceptional measures, which have proven to have positive effects in countries severely affected by the evolution of the virus. These measures are aimed at supporting public health, social and economic domains, but also come with restraining the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms. No matter how hard we try to adapt to these limitations, this is the only way we can save the lives of our loved ones, the lives of those around us!”.
Entering a “State of Emergency” will allow the verious authorities to make acquisitions, in a much shorter timeframe, as a result of simplified procedures, which will free up time and allow for a more effective approach with all the neccessary tools.
This comes as Romania’s parliament, votes in the new government, lead by Prime Minister Ludovic Orban. This was the quickest investment of a governmnent within the last 30 years, and is a direct result of efforts to control the Coronavirus crisis, which has seen over 100 people with confirmed cases.
“The first priority for the new government is to continue the fight against the coronavirus epidemic, to effectively manage the entire crisis that has arisen. The government that is taking over his mandate now is the government that has worked so far with the engine running, has worked well to manage this crisis. Now, with all our strength, we will continue this struggle. The new government and I will devote all our energies one hundred percent to effectively manage this crisis and, obviously, after this crisis is over to govern very well for Romanians and for Romania”, informed the president during the speech.
He also urged the citizens to do their part in fighting the crisis, to help support the government’s efforts, “The authorities are doing their job, the Government has done its job and so far very well – but alone we will only be able to do some of the work to be done. We need you, dear Romanias! We need you to follow the guidelines, the directions of the authorities. We need you to comply with the hygiene rules that are transmitted on public channels. We need you to avoid contacts that are not absolutely necessary. I know this is a little harder. And, yes, we need you to inform yourselves correctly from public sources, directly from the authorities”, he continued.
He also entered a law into affect, which allows parents with school-aged children, to stay home and take care of their children, when under special conditions or school is suspended.
“The schools will be closed, to protect children and students, the activity in pre-university and university education is suspended during the period of emergency. I welcome the efforts of teachers, but also of all those who have proposed and offer alternative academic preparation solutions, either online or through television, for students to go through this difficult period with as few gaps as possible. Technology today offers us a considerable advantage in this regard,” said the president.
He also addressed the financial impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak, highlighting that if neccessary, pricing-caps on certain neccessities may be put in place to ensure that the financial burden is controlled. He stated, “It is very important to limit the financial burden on citizens during these difficult times. Thus, during the period of emergency, if necessary, the prices may be capped on medicines and medical equipment, on foods of strict necessity, and on services of public utility, such as electricity and heat, gas, water supply, sanitation, fuel, within the limit of the average price of the last three months before declaring the state of emergency,”.
He als informed, “I want to be very clear the following thing: the medical services for treating the cases of infection with the new coronavirus and their complications are granted to all persons on the territory of Romania and is supported by the budget of the National Health Insurance Fund!”.
How does a State of Emergency help?
It can only be declared during a crisis, which require execption measures, such as when the national security of the country is threatened, there has been or is the potential for a disaster, or if constitutional democracy is threatened.
It’s valid for 30 days and parliament must approve the decree within 5 days.
It’s possible, that during the “State of Emergency”, the exercise of fundemental rights and freedoms may be restricted, with the exception of human rights, and only to the extent that the situation requres.
It’s also possible, that during the state of emergency, some of the public administration, could be handled by the military authorities or in addition to public authorities.
Measures can include:
- closing the state border, in its entirety or in the area in which the state of emergency was established, intensifying the control at the border crossing points that remain open, as well as border surveillance throughout its entire length.
- requisition of goods, according to the law
- limiting or prohibiting the movement of vehicles or persons in certain areas or between certain hours and issuing, in justified cases, free movement permits;
- to carry out checks on persons or places, when required;
- deciding the temporary closure of some fuel distribution stations, restaurants, cafes, clubs, casinos, headquarters of associations and other public places;
- temporarily suspending the appearance or distribution of publications or programs of radio or television stations;
- ordering the rationalization of food and other products of strict necessity
- prohibiting road, rail, maritime, river and air traffic on different routes